XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference
27 September–2 October 2009
The economic impact of reproductive health outcomes as measured by household consumption in Pakistan (Poster no. 132)
Laura J. Reichenbach, Tehmina Arshad, and Minhaj ul Haque
There has been little analysis on the economic impact of reproductive health outcomes at the household level in Pakistan. This paper examines six rounds of Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS) data spanning a 15-year time period (1991–2006) to better understand how household consumption expenditure patterns vary over time and whether household demography, particularly family size, influences household consumption. The paper first presents a conceptual framework for understanding pathways between reproductive health outcomes and poverty as measured by consumption analysis; it then examines demographic changes over time and how they affect consumption levels; and finally it describes how these consumption quintiles may create or exacerbate inequalities in how households utilize resources for reproductive health and other outcomes.
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