Assessing Equality of Access to Education in Egypt
Council researchers studied equality of access to schooling in Egypt.
In recent years the Egyptian government has made admirable strides toward meeting its educational goals and commitments by focusing on quality improvements. However, there remains some concern about the effect of these improvements on more disadvantaged segments of the population.
The purpose of this project was to assess the degree of equality in access to education in Egypt. This overall objective was determined through analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data. The former included the preparation of demographic data on school-age populations broken down by geographic location; an assessment of school building programs; and a comparison of that data with current projections. The qualitative aspect of the project included a detailed assessment of such issues as the criteria used to create population projections and determine site locations, school models, and construction codes, as well as analysis of the input and influence of local communities and authorities in order to assess the ability of the current system to cater to community needs and preferences at the local level.
This study focused mainly on assessing current methods of forecasting, planning, and building schools in Egypt. The project contributed to the improvement of educational services by providing reliable, up-to-date demographic and statistical data that enables educational planners to accurately forecast not only how many schools to build, and where, but also where improvements or renovations are needed.
The study also provided in-depth qualitative analysis of the processes and methods used in formulating and implementing the forecasts, and provided a clearer picture of the level of community involvement in how government policies are created, conceived, and put into practice at the local level. This analysis included examining the procedures by which school locations are selected, construction and maintenance issues, school design, and costs. Such assessments provide a better understanding of the factors that cater successfully to local demand and the ways in which deprived areas could more effectively be targeted and aided. The study ranked districts all over Egypt according to need for primary, preparatory, and secondary schools.
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Poverty, Gender, and Youth
Duration: 10/2006 - 5/2007
Population Council researchers: